top of page

PRP vs. Stem Cells: Which Is Best for Your Pain and Injury?

Updated: Feb 12

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy and stem cell therapy are two innovative treatments that can help heal pain and injuries. Both treatments use the body's own healing mechanisms to promote repair and recovery. But how do they differ, and which one is best for you?


PRP therapy uses concentrated platelets from your blood to accelerate tissue healing. Platelets contain growth factors and other signaling molecules that play a vital role in repair.

During PRP therapy, a doctor will withdraw a sample of your blood and spin it in a centrifuge to separate the platelets from the other blood cells. The concentrated platelets are then injected into the injured area.

PRP therapy is a relatively safe and minimally invasive procedure. It has been shown to be effective in treating a variety of conditions, including:

  • Sports injuries

  • Arthritis

  • Tendinitis

  • Bursitis

  • Muscle strains

  • Ligament tears

  • Hair loss

  • Skin aging

Stem cell therapy uses stem cells to promote healing and repair damaged tissues. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that have the potential to develop into different types of cells.


PRP vs. Stem Cells - Selphyl

When stem cells are injected into damaged tissue, they can differentiate into the type of cells that are needed to repair the tissue. Stem cells can be harvested from various sources, including bone marrow, adipose tissue, and umbilical cord blood.

Stem cell therapy is a more invasive procedure than PRP therapy. It is also more expensive and less widely available. However, stem cell therapy can be more effective for treating more serious conditions, such as:

  • Musculoskeletal injuries

  • Immune system disorders

  • Neurological disorders

  • Cancer

  • Autoimmune diseases

Which treatment is right for you?


The best way to decide which treatment is right for you is to talk to your doctor. They will consider your individual needs and conditions to recommend the best option.

In general, PRP therapy is a good choice for people with mild to moderate injuries or conditions. It is also a good option for people who are looking for a less invasive and less expensive treatment option.

Stem cell therapy is a good choice for people with more serious injuries or conditions. It is also a good option for people who have not responded well to other treatments.

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy - The Science


Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is a cutting-edge treatment that uses your own blood to accelerate healing. PRP is a concentrated form of plasma, the liquid portion of your blood. Plasma contains platelets, which are blood cells that play a vital role in tissue repair.

PRP therapy works by injecting concentrated platelets into the area of your body that needs to heal. The platelets release growth factors and other signaling molecules that stimulate the body's natural healing process. When platelets are activated, they release a variety of growth factors and other signaling molecules. These molecules bind to receptors on cells in the injured area and trigger a number of cellular responses, including:

  • Increased cell proliferation

  • Increased collagen production

  • Reduced inflammation

  • Improved blood flow

These cellular responses promote tissue repair and healing.

How is PRP therapy performed?


Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy is typically administered through a straightforward and minimally invasive process. Here's a general overview of how PRP therapy is administered:

  1. Blood Sample Collection: The process begins with a small blood sample being drawn from the patient, usually from their arm. The amount of blood drawn is typically much less than what you'd give during a standard blood test.

  2. Centrifugation: The collected blood is then placed in a centrifuge machine, which rapidly spins to separate its components. This process isolates the platelet-rich plasma from red blood cells and plasma.


PRP vs. Stem Cells - Selphyl

  1. PRP Extraction: After centrifugation, the platelet-rich plasma is carefully extracted from the tube. This PRP contains a concentration of platelets and growth factors that are beneficial for healing and tissue regeneration.

  2. Preparation for Injection: Depending on the specific treatment area, the PRP may be prepared further. For some treatments, it might be mixed with other substances, such as calcium chloride, to activate the platelets.

  3. Local Anesthesia: Before the PRP is injected, the area being treated may be numbed with a local anesthetic to minimize discomfort during the procedure.

  4. Injection: The prepared PRP is injected directly into the target area, often guided by ultrasound or other imaging techniques to ensure precise placement. The injection site will depend on the patient's condition and the purpose of the treatment. PRP can be used for joint pain, muscle injuries, hair restoration, and skin rejuvenation, among other applications.

  5. Recovery: After the PRP injection, patients can typically resume their daily activities. Some temporary discomfort, swelling, or mild pain at the injection site may occur, but this usually subsides quickly.

PRP therapy is a promising new treatment for a variety of conditions. It is a minimally invasive procedure with few side effects and has been shown to be effective in accelerating healing and improving function in patients with a variety of conditions.

Stem Cells - the Science


Stem cells are specialized cells that have the potential to develop into different types of cells in the body. They play a vital role in growth, development, and repair.

How do stem cells work?


Stem cells work by dividing and differentiating into different types of cells. Differentiation is the process by which a stem cell becomes a specialized cell type, such as a blood cell, skin cell, or nerve cell.

What are the benefits of stem cell therapy?


Stem cell therapy can be used for a variety of conditions, including:

  • Cancer

  • Blood disorders

  • Immune system disorders

  • Neurological disorders

  • Musculoskeletal disorders

  • Autoimmune diseases

Stem cell therapy works by replacing damaged or diseased cells with healthy new cells. This can help to improve function and quality of life in patients with these conditions.

How is stem cell therapy performed?


Stem cell therapy is a medical procedure that involves the use of stem cells to treat various medical conditions or injuries. The most common stem cells used are mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The specific methods and techniques can vary depending on the condition being treated and the type of stem cells used. Here is a general overview of how stem cell therapy is performed:

  • Source of Stem Cells:

    • Autologous Stem Cells: In many cases, the patient's own stem cells are used. These are typically obtained from sources like bone marrow or adipose (fat) tissue.

    • Allogeneic Stem Cells: Stem cells can also be harvested from a donor, but this requires matching the donor and recipient to minimize the risk of rejection.

  • Stem Cell Harvesting:

    • Bone Marrow Aspiration: For bone marrow-derived stem cells, a needle is inserted into the patient's bone marrow cavity, often in the hipbone, to extract a sample of bone marrow.

    • Liposuction: Adipose-derived stem cells are obtained through a minimally invasive liposuction procedure, which involves the removal of a small amount of fat tissue, usually from the abdomen or thighs.

  • Isolation and Processing:

    • The collected stem cell sample is then processed in a laboratory to isolate and concentrate the stem cells. This may involve centrifugation or other techniques to separate the stem cells from other components.

  • Preparation for Injection:

    • The isolated stem cells may be further processed and activated with growth factors or other substances to enhance their therapeutic potential.

  • Injection or Infusion:

    • The prepared stem cells are then reintroduced into the patient's body. This can be done through various methods, including direct injection into the targeted area (e.g., joints for orthopedic conditions), intravenous (IV) infusion for systemic conditions, or other delivery methods depending on the medical condition being treated.

  • Post-Treatment Care:

    • Following the stem cell injection or infusion, patients may be monitored for a period to ensure their safety and recovery. The recovery process varies depending on the specific condition and the patient's overall health.

  • Potential Follow-Up Treatments:

    • Depending on the condition, patients may require multiple sessions or follow-up treatments over time to achieve the desired therapeutic outcome.

PRP Therapy And Stem Cells: What Differentiates Them?


So, which option is best for your health and the results you'd like to see? Let's take a look at the difference between PRP vs stem cells.


PRP vs. Stem Cells - Selphyl

In general, PRP therapy is better suited for conditions that involve soft tissue injuries, such as:

  • Tendinitis

  • Bursitis

  • Muscle strains

  • Arthritis

  • Hair loss

  • Aging skin

Stem cell therapy is better suited for conditions that involve more serious damage to tissues or organs, such as:

  • Cancer

  • Blood disorders

  • Immune system disorders

  • Neurological disorders

  • Bone fractures

  • Serious injuries to ligaments, muscles, and tendons

  • Spinal cord

PRP vs Stem Cells: Which Is Better For You?


PRP therapy and stem cell therapy are two innovative treatments that can help heal pain and injuries. Both treatments harness the body's own healing powers to promote repair and recovery. So how to choose?

PRP therapy:

  • Uses concentrated platelets from your own blood to accelerate tissue healing.

  • Is generally recommended for less severe conditions, such as sports injuries and arthritis.

  • Is most effective for healing soft tissues, such as tendons, muscles, and ligaments.

  • Is a less invasive procedure than stem cell therapy and carries fewer risks.

  • Is generally more affordable than stem cell therapy.

Stem cell therapy:

  • Uses stem cells to repair damaged or diseased tissues and organs.

  • Is generally recommended for more severe conditions, such as cancer and blood disorders.

  • Can be used to repair a wider range of tissues, including bone, muscle, cartilage, and nerve cells.

  • Is a more invasive procedure than PRP therapy and carries more risks.

  • Is generally more expensive than PRP therapy.

Conclusion:

  • PRP therapy is a good option for most patients who are looking for a safe, effective, and affordable treatment for pain and injuries.

  • Stem cell therapy may be a better option for patients with severe conditions or who need to repair a type of tissue that PRP therapy is not effective for.

  • It is important to talk to your doctor to get personalized advice on which treatment is right for you.

Takeaway


Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy and stem cell therapy are two innovative treatments that can help heal pain and injuries. Both treatments harness the body's own healing powers to promote repair and recovery. However, there are some key differences between the two treatments.

PRP therapy uses concentrated platelets from your own blood to accelerate tissue healing. Platelets are blood cells that contain growth factors and other signaling molecules that play a vital role in repair. PRP therapy is generally recommended for less severe conditions, such as sports injuries and arthritis. It is a minimally invasive procedure with little to no downtime and carries few risks.

Stem cell injections use stem cells to repair damaged tissues and organs. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that have the potential to develop into different types of cells. Stem cell therapy is generally recommended for more severe conditions, such as cancer and blood disorders. It is a more invasive procedure than PRP therapy and carries more risks. However, stem cell therapy can be used to repair a wider range of tissues than PRP therapy.

Which treatment is right for you depends on a number of factors, including the severity of your condition, the type of tissue that is damaged, your goals for treatment, and your risk tolerance. If you are considering either PRP therapy or stem cell therapy, talk to your doctor to get personalized advice.

At Selphyl, we are passionate about providing the most advanced PRP system on the market. Let us answer any questions you have about offering this cutting-edge therapy to your patients. Contact us today!

Sources:


382 views0 comments
bottom of page